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Nupe-speaking people live near the confluence of the Niger and Kaduna rivers in west-central Nigeria. They live in the heart of Nigeria, spread over the low basin formed by the two rivers,
Niger and Kaduna, which the Nupe people popularly call Eduand Lavun respectively. There around 3.5 million Nupe people, with the largest congregation found in Bida.
The Nupe comprises other related ethnic groups or sub-tribes namely Beni, Benu, Kusopa, Dibo,
Gana-Gana, Kakanda, Basa, Cekpan, Kede, and Kupa.
The Nupe are organized into a number of closely related territorial groups, of which the Beni, Zam,
Batache (Bataci), and Kede (Kyedye) are the most important. The Kede and Batache are
riverine people, subsisting primarily by fishing and trading; the other Nupe are farmers, who
grow staple crops like millet, sorghum, yams, and rice. The Nupe are noted throughout Nigeria for
glass beads, fine leather and mat work, brass trays, and fine cloth.

Before the Fulani conquest in 1804, the Nupe Empire had reached the height of its fame. Later
developments brought the empire under the domination of Gwandu, after the Fulani conquest
of the entire Hausa States. After the seizure of authority from Nupe(non-Fulani rulers) in 1810,
MallamDendo, locally called Manko, a Fulani scholar from Bangana, a village near BrininKebbi,
established himself as the new leader. After his death, the children moved the then Nupe capital
from Raba to Bida.
Bida is generally regarded as the capital of Nupe land in Nigeria. Its rapidly increasing population
is put presently at more than 600,000 people. 
History has it that by 1352, the Nupe people were already settled in this location. They speak a language of the Nupoid group in the Benue-Congo branch of the Niger-Congo language family. Other languages in the group are Igbira (Ebira), Gbagyi (Gbari), Gade, and Kakanda. Nupe is related most closely to Gbari and Kakanda in structure and vocabulary. There are at least two markedly different dialects: Nupe central and NupeTako Notwithstanding, there is a common definition and understanding when the central Nupe tone is used. The use of Nupe, in its spoken term, is pure. However, it is noteworthy that due to centuries of intercultural activities between Hausas and Nupes, certain words seem to have been integrated into the lifestyle and certain expressions in Nupe culture. Most importantly too, the sharing of practices based on the common principles of Islam, that is the predominant religion of the Nupes and subsequent Jihadist activities, have left traces of language sharing and a combination of Nupe and Hausa words. A similar trend is observed among the Nupes in Lafiagi and the Igbomina Yoruba in the South Western Nupeland. The interrelationships are so deep that in some Yoruba villages in the Igbomina area, in certain ceremonies, a Nupe head presides with a deep sense of respect for ancestral backgrounds of the two groups. This is, particularly, significant, given the history of several families formed as a result of Yoruba Nupe intermarriages.
Formation of Nupe kingdom

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