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NUPE


INTRODUCTION
WHO ARE THE NUPES?
Research shows that Nupencizhi or Nupes originated from Nubia to the current areas of their settlement.
Researchers discovered that most languages have their aboriginal roots for communication before generation upon generation corrupted some languages to be what we see today.
The ancestor of Nupencizhi or Nupes was Ugba bin Annafi who was originally from Nubia. He migrated to different areas before he finally came to Nigeria to settle. His ancestral language was Nubia, then Nufa and now it has been totally corrupted into Nupe.
Nupe is one of the languages of KWA GROUP of Africa which included many other languages like Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Ejaw, Hubris, Shuwa, Kanuri, and others.
Researchers also stressed that Nupe people came from Massar or Egypt. The proof of this is the ancient glass industry of Nupe Land. The industry is still active in it, is the existence of many artifacts at Masaga in Bida, Niger State of Nigeria.
Nupe people before 15th century settled at riverine areas of Niger - areas or Nigeria in West Africa. They were people with unique culture, headed by a traditional leader called Ezhitso or Zhitsu as we call them today.
When Nupencizhi got to Nigeria, they first of all settled at Nku, then Nupeko, then, Essan, then Ewu, then Tafyan, then Yessa, then Kpanjuru, then Gbara, then Gaba, then Yida, then Towagi, then Bida and later spread all over the country. The above mentioned communities were politically independent of one another. However, they were strongly linked together economically.
Nupes had over 500 villages and towns as a result of disputes back then. What mostly led to the establishment of a new village was as a result of either the elder brother in the family wanting to be the head first, to rule the community or the younger brother desirous of being the head first to rule the community. They were impatient to one another. Some instances were as a result of traveling, farming, witch craft and waging of war against each other. You can notice villages in kin Nupe today that have similar names. Some have only slight differences like:-
1. Wasagi of Agaie LG, Wasagi of Katcha LG, Wasagi of Gbako LG,
2. Tafyan of Agaie LG, Tafyan of Gbako LG. Another examples are
3. Sallawu woro, Sallawu Gbako, Kuci woro, Kuci Gbako etc
These show that the above named villages have the same roots but later got separated due to disagreement within themselves.
CLASSES OF NUPES
Nupes are classified in to three categories:-
1. Nupe Bini,
2. Nupe Kin takozhi,
3. Nupe Gede.
1. Nupe BINI comprises of Bida and its axis, Agaie and its axis, Katcha and its axis, Lavun and its axis, Gbako and its axis, Edati and its axis, and Lapai town.
2. Nupe Kin Takozhi comprises of, Basange, Dibo, Kupa, Kakanda, Abawa, Sokun, Egba etc.
3. Nupe Gede, Comprises of Mokwa and its axis, Zugurma, Raba, Patigi, Lafiyagi, Tsonga, and Tsaragi.
Nupe Bini which is the central Nupe Language for communication is almost the same with Gede. The differences are not that deep, unlike those of the sub-groups of Nupes, that's Nupe Kin Takozhi that understand Bini and Gede and can speak the dialect accurately.
NUPE SOCIO CULTURAL FOODS ARE:-
1. Eboci be Ezowa e, - Rice and Beans,
2. Ekwa - Pap,
3. Dankuwa,
4. Mashe,
5. Gbwarwagi,
6. Kuli,
8. Edzu,
9. Kara,
10. Efan etc.
NUPE CULTURAL FIESTAS OR FESTIVALS
1. Efo Nupe - Nupe Day,
2. Efo Gani - Local wrestling day
3. Efo Rigata - Fishing day,
4. Efo Enu - Farming day,
5. Efo Ecima Doko - Horse Racing day etc
NUPE CULTURAL MAGICS
1. Ndakogboya - Masquerade,
2. Guguyagi - Masquerade with hand,
3. Kuti Langba - Dirty Masquerade
4. Kuti Nyizagi - Female Masquerade
5. Kuti Bagi - Male Masquerade
6. Enyamaci - Magician,
NUPE CULTURAL WEDDING
Nupes celebrate wedding for as long as one week before the main day. You can notice the signs from the far and close-by villages through burning, drumming and a long flag, etc.
NUPE CULTURAL DRUMS
1. Enya dukun or Tanbari
2. Enya Gale - Three set of Drum
3. Enya Evogi or Kalangu Drum
4. Enya Bisan - Bamboo Drum
5. Enya Mangara - Calabash Drum
6. Enya Gbangbani - Pan Drum
7. Kakati
8. Kulegi etc
NUPE CULTURAL DANCE
1. Kube ebo e or Barika
2. Tsankan
3. Enya Egba
4. Enya Etsu etc.
NUPE CULTURAL NAMES
1. Sogba - A child from the shrine
2. Tsubenya - gods given child
3. Ebo/jinda - An appreciation of the gods
4. Gana - Competitor
5. Kolo -  Brave and helpful.
Nupe people occupy several towns and villages across the states of Niger, Kwara, Kogi, Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. A good number of Nupe speaking people can also be found in other towns across the country with a considerable number of them being in Kaduna, Kano, Benin, Onitsha and Lagos.
Anthropologists have observed that the Nupe ethnic group is the second largest minority tribe in Nigeria. This gift no doubt is from God Almighty and must be appreciated by all Nupe sons and daughters. The gift of Number is a potential that must be harnessed to its fullest for the benefit of the Nupes and the nation at large. Indeed, the population of the Nupes and it's Sub-tribes is sufficient to propel the political advancement, economic development, and social upliftment of the entire populace. The only impetus towards achieving the underlining goals is however, the unity of purpose amongst the Nupe people.
Though, Nupe people are known to have attained several heights in different fields of endeavors in Nigeria and are believed to be ethnocentric wherever they find themselves, the unity of purpose for the common good is still lacking.
If truth must be told, the traditional institutions of Nupe people are working tirelessly to ensure that Nupe Cultural activities progress day in day out. On this regard, we must say kudos to Etsu Nupe Alhaji Dr. Yahaya Abubakar for introducing Nupe Cultural Day 11 years ago. The Etsu Nupe did that to bring all Nupencizhi together irrespective of their religion and location. And if you look at this initiative, its not only existing across Nigeria, it's also included a fiesta of wedding ceremony, naming ceremony, schools cultural days like the one we are celebrating today and others.
Finally, I will like to call on parents to encourage their children to go to school. They should speak their mother tongue at homes and other places. When children speaks their immediate language, learning is always easier.
I also wish to thank the management of New Horizons Nursery and Primary School, the indefatigable Headmistress; Hajiya Fatima Popo Ola, members of staff, students and parents for this wonderful opportunity to stand before you all and deliver this brief talk on History and Culture of the Nupe People.
THANK YOU!
Adamu Idris Manarakis niw
(Tashiru Nupe - 8/2/19)
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NUPE WORDS AND OPPOSITE

NUPE 100 WORDS AND OPPOSITES

BY:- Adamu Idris Manarakis niw
Yemapakondoro Enyabagi Nupe

EGAN (Word) = GANBA (Opposite)
1.Bagi_Boy = Nyizagi_Girl
2.Nma_Uncle=Nmagi_Aunt
3.Nnagi_Aunt=Ndagi_Uncle
4.Gbarufu_Man=Nyatsugi_Woman
5.Nda_Father=Nna_Mother
6.Ndako_Grandpa=Nnako_Grandma
7.Yabagi_Brother=Yanyizagi_Sister
8.Dada_Dady=Manman_Mummy
9.Galu_Sir=Gama_Ma
10.Kpako_Door=Dzufagi_Window
11.Dodo_Mr=Doma_Mrs
12.Lo_Go=Be_Come
13.Nakin_Stand=Fedun_Sit
14.Fiti_Up=Kin_Down
15.Yegboro_Front=Zuma_Back
16.Gwalo_Right=Gwapin_Left
17.Wangi_good=Dede_Bad
18.Sa_Bauty=Sakun_Ugly
19.Mana_Sweet=Baka_Sour
20.Deti_Brilient=Gbogun_Doll
21.Etsan_Laugh=Egi_Cry
22.Mani_Happy=Masan_Sad
23.Yima_Smile=Zhewun_Anger
24.Gi_Pass=Ni_Fail
25.Bici_Run=Dazan_Walk
26.Ninfu_Satisfy=Madan_Hunger
27.Tsu_Close=
28.Ema_Healthy=Batan_Sickness
29.Dewo_Rich=Yaji_Poor
30.Kpikpe_Knowledge=Rakpe_Illiteracy
31.Boye_Like=Nanvo_Hate
32.Duru_Tall=Kukurugi_Short
33.Eya_Friend=Ewunci_Enemy
34.Wunciko_Big=Tetengi_Small
35. Bolo_Smooth=Vun_Rough
36.Mana_Help=Egun_Cheat
37.Navun_Light=Pa_Dark
38.Vanyi_Fast=So_Slow
39.Gbo_Fat=Tyanya_Slim
40.Etsu_King=Nnatsu_Queen
41. Wancin_Prince= Lerama_Princess
42.Yizhe_World=Eku_Hereafter
43.Gadan_Enter=Tinya_Out
44.Da_Soft=Gboka_Hard
45.Jin_Do=Cinta_Wait
46.Ni_In=Den_Out
47.Saka_Early= Gbaka_Late
48.Shi_Buy=Kun_Sell
49.La_Give=Go_Collect
50.Fan_Wear=Zhe_Undress
51.Dan_Put=Wa_Remove
52.Dan_On=Nu_Off
53.Woro_New=Gbako_Old
54.Be_Increase=Ke_Decrease
55.Ega_Witch=Eshe_Wizard
56. Jin wo_Ability = Wunjin wo a_inability
57. Ninma_Happy = Nyagbanyi_unhappy
58. La gandan_Import = Latin ya_export
59. Nyanin_Interior = Nyaden_exterior
60. Kunye_Maximum = Fyakyagi_minimum
61. Laso_Include = Wake_exclude
62. Gwazuma_Junior = Nuguci_senior
63. Gogan_Above = Gba_below
64. Gwako_Majority = Gbakundo_minority
65. Kpakete_Optimistic =Gaman_pessimistic
66. Wuncikoko_Superior = Gbagbangi_inferior
67. Go_Accept = Navo_refuse
68. Yewan_civilized = Wanye a_uncivilized
69. Wunciko_Big = Gigi_small
70. De_Acquire = Ya_lose
71. Kakanci_Ancient = Yizheyekpe_modern
72. Go_Agree = Go a_disagree
73. Yizhe dan_Alive = Tsu_dead
74. Rama_Barren = Ma_fertile
75. Biba_Admire = Fiami_despise
76. Tsunmi_Blunt = Fangan_sharp
77. Gban_Bold = Soye_timid
78. Tinye_Bright = Kpiri_dim
79. Depe_Broad = Pin_narrow
80. Dansan_Care = Yece_neglect
81. Ye_Confess = Kan_deny
82. Dafe_Cool = Gunna_warm
83. Tadzu_Clean = Shikan_Dirty
84. Binakun_Cruel = Etimananci_kind
85. Emi_Domestic = Cikan_wild
86. Zo_Difficult = Dashin_easy
87. Ezotiku_dangerous = Tswabo_safe
88. Galu_Sir = Gama_Ma
89. Gbewo_Earn = Wu_spend
90. Kpokporo_Empty = She_full
91. Gamana_False = Gboro_true
92. Vabo_Guilty = Zasanyi_innocent
93. Bolo_Fine = Cakya_coarse
94. Efelo_Freedom = Wuzhi_slavery
95. Gbo_Fat = Tyanya_thin
96. Tanda_foolish = Gban_wise
97. Funfuru_Fresh = Dokandokan_stale
98. Dansun_fear = Nyagbande_courage
99. Elegi_Gain = Zunya_loss
100. Keto_High = Kuku_low.

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