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Bida is the Traditional Headquarters of the Nupes, a people said to be descendants of Bn Nafili, who is believed to have migrated from North East Africa to the Nubia and from there to Nupe Land.
The first effective Nupe dynasty was founded by Mallam Dendo, a learned Fulani Court Adviser, who rose to prominence and power after deposing the then Etsu Nupe, Majiya at Raba.
After Mallam Dendo's death in 1832, his Senior Son Usman Zaki became the First Etsu Nupe in Bida until 1859. Thus, Bida became both the political and commercial center of the Nupes.
Etsu Masaba and Umaru Majigi succeeded him one after the other between 1859 - 1873 -1884 respectively. Etsu Maliki reigned for eleven years between 1884 and 1895.
During the reign of Etsu Abubakar between 1895 and 1901, the British invasion through the Royal Niger Company became imminent and inevitable. Late Etsu Abubakar was exiled and Muhammadu Makun, Son of Umar Majigi was appointed Etsu Nupe. Succession in the three ruling houses continued after his death in 1916, until 1935 when Muhammadu Ndayako whose reign has been described as the most successful in Nupe Land was appointed.
When Usman Sarki, who came after Muhammadu Ndayako in 1962 abdicated, a semi-administrative interregnum followed before the appointment of Musa Bello who died in January 1975. Musa Bell was succeeded by Alhaji Umaru Sanda. On his death on T September 2003, Alhaji (Dr.) Umar Sanda Ndayako was succeeded by Alhaji (Dr.) Yahaya Abubakar CFR. As the 13th Etsu Nupe on 11 th September 2003.

Bida is the Headquarter of Bida emirate and Local Government Council. It is a City with ten entrance Gates. The gates are:- Bangaye, Banwuya, Bantuwa, Bangbogi, Banzhiwuru Bangbara, Banyagi, BanetsuYisa, Banmaand, Banwunangi.
(click here to watch nupe video)

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